The Restful Photon?

SOURCE-FREE MAGNETIC STRUCTURES:

WINGS OVER UNDISCOVERED LAND?

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THE-FOUNDATION-IS-THE-FRONTIER SERIES
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Essays on:
Physics in the Twenty-first Century

by

Bibhas R. De

Counter

A source-free magnetic structure is just what it says: A finite structure of static magnetic field lines in empty space with no sources in it, the field going zero towards infinite distances in all directions. It is obtained as a solution of Maxwell’s equations. However, once obtained, the ramifications – such as a moving source-free magnetic structure constituting a free space wave – are not understandable within the confines of Maxwell’s equations. These ramifications suggest an entire world of TransMaxwellian Physics – of which Maxwell’s Equations may represent only a limit.

It has been further suggested that such structures have a mass. That makes them particles. They may be candidates for the ultimate constituent of matter.

These structures also have, associated with them, a length-scale, a spatial periodicity, and a finite energy. These qualities are ones that one might think would be the attributes of a photon at rest. For example, a spinning but non-translating structure of this type could be likened to a photon at rest. This suggests that the photon has a mass – a suggestion that has also come from independent workers from independent directions.

In sum then, such structures hint at an ultimate reality of the universe.

This page is a reading guide for those wishing an entrée into this entirely new world - dreamed of neither in physics nor in science fiction.

It is recommended that you read the following in the order they are given.

SUGGESTED READING LIST

A PERSONAL CONTEXT

This is a graphical representation of the discoveries of James Clerk Maxwell and Hannes Alfven – showing where my work fits in.

A CONTEXT IN PHYSICS

This is a general discussion that places my work in a historical context, and discusses possible scientific and technological ramifications of the idea.

EXPERIMENTAL SUPPORT FOR SOURCE-FREE MAGNETIC STRUCTURE?

   

Impossible                                         The Plasma Ring: A precursor to source-free magnetic structure?

This Link takes you to a description of Lennart Lindberg’s Plasma Ring Experiment, conducted around 1960. This experiment was performed to demonstrate the transference of magnetic energy from one geometry to another ("flux amplification"), and was interpreted accordingly. We can also interpret (but not overinterpret) this as an attempt to generate a source-free magnetic structure, without changing the original interpretation. As the ring exits from the coaxial plasma gun, it does not extinguish but transitions to a source-free structure. At the same time, its magnetic field – originally a combination of toroidal and poloidal fields – shows a tendency to transition to poloidal mode – which is what the field in the theoretical source-free magnetic structure is. Thus, this experiment may have serendipitously studied an immediate precursor to the source-free magnetic structure. If the Plasma Ring Experiment were performed today with the express objective of testing the source-free field structure theory – all other things remaining the same, the results of the experiment would be seen to lend credence to the theory. For a more detailed description of the experiment, see Cosmical Electrodynamics, H. Alfven and C.-G. Falthammar, Oxford University Press, London, 1963, pp 125-127.

THE DISCOVERY PAPER

This is the first documentation of the theoretical discovery. This paper is concise and mathematical

AN OLDER VERSION OF THE DISCOVERY PAPER

This paper, with the title “Field-particle Dualism in Maxwell’s Equations”, is a somewhat more descriptive version of the discovery paper, offering an alternative proof of the source-free theorem. It is recommended that this version also be read.

A FIVE-YEAR HISTORY OF REJECTIONS

This is record of my unsuccessful attempts to publish the paper, over a period of some five years, in the mainstream scientific journals.

THE CRUX OF THE DEBATE

This places in focus the exact mathematical reason why the discovery should accepted or rejected.

ATTEMPT AT PRINCETON UNIVERSITY TO EVALUATE THE DISCOVERY

The Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory is one of the world’s foremost authorities on the subject at issue. Here you can read how a most thorough effort was made to disprove my paper. You can also read how I tried to cooperate with them, in the hope that they will publish their findings – whatever they are. But this lengthy effort did not lead anywhere, and was abandoned without reaching any conclusions. These very people sought initially to suppress the paper. Then they failed to disprove it after the paper was published elsewhere. Then they assumed a posture of silence.

TRANSEINSTEINIAN MASS-ENERGY CONSIDERATIONS

Here my theoretical discovery that static magnetic field in empty space is a mass is discussed. The relationship between this mass and the magnetic field "energy" does not follow the Mass-Energy relation. Hence "TransEinsteinian".

TRANSMAXWELLIAN PHYSICS

Here is shown how the source-free magnetic structure acts as a gateway from Maxwellian Physics to an entire new, possibly vastly larger world of TransMaxwellian Physics. Increasingly, it seems to me that Maxwellian physics is a bay, TransMaxwellian physics is the ocean, and the source-free structure is the inlet connecting the two. Today's science and technology could then be seen as being restricted to the bay.

EXPERIMENTAL VERIFICATION CONSIDERATIONS

Some thoughts are offered here on how to approach any project aimed at attempting to create and detect the source-free magnteic structure.

THE QUANTUM REVOLUTION IN RETROSPECT

With the knowledge of the source-free structures and the consequent revision of classical physics, one might go back and ask certain questions about the advent of the quantum theory.

THE PHOTON MYSTIQUE

Two views of the photon.

Finally, "Home" is where I speak my piece against this scientific establishment, which has for so long tried to keep my ideas from seeing the light of day, and which, in case of many other unconventional thinkers, probably succeed in doing so.